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Time: 7 or 6 B.C. – Place: Nazareth
Golden Text: “Behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS (Luke 1:31).
The word “promise” is an agreement to do or not to do something. It’s a declaration as it was given to Isaiah the prophet to give to His people (For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder:and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace – Isaiah 9:6). God always fulfills His promise.
Luke 1:26 – And in the six month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth. Luke’s Gospel is addressed to Theophilus, a man who apparently was a Greek who was known among the Jews as a Gentile because he wasn’t of the Jewish nationality. Luke’s goal was to set forth to give in detail the facts about the earthly life of Jesus Christ in order to encourage and strengthen the faith of Theophilus. Gabriel in Jewish and Christian traditions is the archangel of God, one of the historic fundamentals of the faith is the virgin birth of Christ, Mary’s relative Elisabeth was six months pregnant with John the Baptist. Gabriel was commissioned by God to give Mary a message. We’re surrounded by angels, but they do not reveal themselves to humans unless God advises them to do so. Therefore, it is imperative for us to understand that Gabriel was sent by God to give Mary not just a message but a promise. Gabriel’s assignment was to visit Mary. May was a young virgin who was espoused to Joseph; meaning Mary and Joseph were engaged to be married.
Luke 1:27 – To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary. Mary was a godly woman but not without sin, either original or actual sin, but she was chosen by God to bring forth His Son supernaturally. Mary was a virgin who was engaged to Joseph. It was a formal marital agreement that continued for about a year before the official marriage took place, but the parties during this espousal period were considered husband and wife. Joseph was the descendant of David.
Luke 1:28 – And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. Gabriel appeared to Mary and greeted her with a salutation “Hail” which is to greet with cheers or to signify tribute. Mary had been chosen by God to bring forth His Son supernaturally. She was chosen from all the other women in the village. What an honor and privilege to be chosen by God to be given this favor.
Luke 1:29 – And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be. Mary’s immediately response was not fear, as often indicated in the Bible when people encountered angels. Mary was troubled about the greeting, Mary couldn’t understand why a heavenly visitant should greet her in such an exalted terms.
Luke 1:30 – And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favor with God. Gabriel’s reassuring words may have had removed the fear she naturally might have had at the angel’s appearance. While Mary did not respond verbally, Gabriel saw her uneasiness and told her not to fear. He then reassured her that she had in fact found favor with God. It was God’s favor or grace, not on Mary or her righteousness. We all have experienced the favor of God in our lives through receiving salvation, it was His grace upon our life.It was through His favor that our spiritual eyes were opened, and our spiritual deaf ears were receptive to the word of God’s salvation through His Son, Jesus.
Luke 1:31- And behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. The angel told Mary she was going to conceive in her womb a child, and it would be a male, and she will name Him, Jesus. In Biblical times the name given to a child was very important. Mary wasn’t given the choice to name the child she going to give birth to, but His name was already chosen by God. The name of the Messiah had its roots in the Old Testament, the original Hebrew term is a term that refers to God being deliverance or salvation. The Lord Jesus’ name announces that He brings the promise of salvation to mankind. Jesus was meant to be a deliverer, a rescuer, a savior. In addition to the obvious meaning “one who provides salvation”, the word Savior often includes the related meanings of “Deliverer”, “Protector” or “Preserver”.
Luke 1:32 – He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David. As the Son of God, Jesus would be equal with God the Father. Mary may not have grasped the idea o Jesus’ deity at that moment, but she surely understood the significance of inheriting the throne of King David. Jesus fulfilled and will fulfill God’s promise to David concerning an unending dynasty (And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever – 2nd Samuel 7:16). This is the promise God gave to David, spoken through prophecy by the prophet Nathan. Jesus would have the human nature of His mother, and the sinless and divine nature of His Father.
Luke 1:33 – And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end. These words could only mean that Gabriel was describing Jesus as Israel’s promised Messiah (Christ), or Anointed One. The Jewish people of Mary’s day knew of Daniel’s prophecy and from that prophetic timetable, they knew that the Messiah’s coming was near. Jesus’ kingdom would be forever, there would be no end, His kingdom would be for eternal.
Luke 1:34 – Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? Mary received all that the angel was telling her, but she came to the realization, how was this going to happen since she had not been engaged sexually with a man. The angel Gabriel didn’t offer a biological explanation for there was no natural explanation for a supernatural miracle. She didn’t have a question of unbelief, but rather a desire to understand and get an answer she needed for the situation. Mary’s question also gives us an example, that we can ask God for answers for certain situations, and then there are times He will not give an answer, that’s when we have to trust Him and know that He has our best interest at heart.
Luke 1:35 – And the angel answered and said unto her, the Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee:therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God. This is a direct declaration of Jesus’ divine conception. The child’s conception means He is uniquely set apart, He’s both human and divine, He’s King of King, the Lord of Host, the Lamb of God. Mary was favored and chosen by God to give birth to the Son of God supernaturally. This miraculous event had been foretold by the Prophet Isaiah (Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel – Isaiah 7:14).
Luke 1:36- And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren. God through Gabriel , told Mary a secret that she could not have known other than by Him. Her relative Elisabeth was six months’ pregnant even though she was thought to be barren. Knowing this should have given Mary a peace, knowing the power of God that would occur in her life.
Luke 1:37 – For with God nothing shall be impossible. The angel was giving Mary reassurance of what was impossible with man is possible with God.
Luke 1:38 – And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her. Gabriel assured Mary that the pregnancy would occur, it would not be a normal one. Although naturally impossible, God demonstrated His supernatural power. He would do something beyond explanation or reason. Mary stated her willingness to be the vessel to bring Jesus into the world, and then Gabriel left Mary. His coming was to give the message God had given him to give to Mary, once he finished his assignment, he left.
John 2:9 – When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence it was: (but the servants which drew the water knew;) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom. At the request of Jesus’ mother asking for His assistance, Jesus made the water in the waterpots turned to wine. The water-pots were filled to the brim by the servants at Jesus’ word. The miracle was suddenly, as soon as they had filled the water-pots, and Jesus said, “Draw out now”, it was done. Jesus does great things and marvelous things without noise, work manifest changes in a hidden way, without hesitation or uncertainty.
John 2:10- And saith unto Him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now. Usually, the better wine was served first, then after the guests’ palate were dulled, the everyday wine was served, but this wine was so good that the master of the feast was surprised to see it being served late in the celebration.
John 2:11 – This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth His glory; and His disciples believed on Him. Jesus’ miracles always had a purpose. This miracle resulted in the manifestation of His glory, Jesus Himself was the greatest miracle of all; but this was the first that was wrought by Him. He had power, but there was a time of the hiding of His power. His turning the water to wine proved Himself to be the Son of God. Miracles are not merely superhuman happenings, but happenings that demonstrate God’s power. Those whom He had called, now saw this, shared in it, and had their faith strengthened by it. Even the faith that is true is at first weak, then it is strengthened through the different experiences we have with Jesus.
John 2:12 – After this He went down to Capernaum, He and His mother, and His brethren, and His disciples: and they continued there not many days. Jesus’ visit to Capernaum was short, it is called His own city (And He entered into a ship, and passed over, and came into His own city – Matthew 9:1) Jesus made Capernaum His headquarters in Galilee, the little rest He had was there. It was a place of concourse, and therefore, Jesus chose it, that the fame of His doctrine and miracles might spread further. Wherever Jesus went, He didn’t go alone but would take those with Him who had put themselves under His guidance. “Brethren” is indicating both women and men went with Him to the city of Capernaum. His stay wasn’t confined to this one place because He was needed by many in different cities and township. Notice, wherever He went, His mother was always included in following Him and His disciples. Her presence, as well as her prayers, gave Him strength and encouragement for His humanity side.
John 2:13 – And the Jews’ Passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. Jerusalem was both the religious and the political seat of Palestine, and the place where the Messiah was expected to arrive. The Temple was located there, and many Jewish families from all over the world traveled to Jerusalem during the key feasts. The Temple was built on an imposing site, a hill overlooking the city. The Passover celebration took place yearly at the Temple in Jerusalem. Every Jewish male was expected to make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem during this time. This was a week-long festival, the Passover was one day, and the Feast of Unleavened Bread lasted the rest of the week. The entire week commemorated the freeing of the Jews from slavery in Egypt.
John 2:14 – And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting. Pilgrims to Jerusalem carried all sorts of currencies, but they brought no animals for sacrifices, exchanging and purchases could be made at the Temple. The Temple was always crowded during Passover with thousand of out-of-town visitors. The religious leaders crowded it even further by allowing money changers and merchants to set up booths in the Court of the Gentiles. They rationalized this practice as a convenience for the worshipers and as a way to make money for the Temple’s upkeep. Religious leaders didn’t care that the Court of the Gentiles was full of merchants and that the visitors found it difficult to worship, and worship was the main purpose for visiting the Temple.
John 2:15 – And when He had made a scourge (whip) of small cords, He drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers’ money, and overthrew the tables. God’s Temple was being misused by people who turned it into a marketplace. They forgot, or didn’t care, that God’s house is a place of worship, not a place for making a profit. Jesus was obviously angry at the merchants who exploited those who had come to God’s house to worship. There is a difference between uncontrolled rage and righteous indignation, yet both are called anger. We must be very careful how we use this powerful emotion of anger. It is right to be angry about injustice and sin; it is wrong to be angry over a trivial personal offense. We must be very careful in how we conduct ourselves in the house of God, it’s not a place to make a profit, but a place we should worship and honor the house of God. Today’s churches are still making a profit by selling different items to help support the church, if the people who attend these churches would give their tithes and offerings as God has blessed them, this would eliminate selling and renting the church for different events. This is the reason why many churches aren’t feeling the presence of the Lord because of what’s happening with different rental events in the church as well as making sales. The house of God is to be honored, not for making a profit by sales or renting the building for different events.
John 2:1 -And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee: and the mother of Jesus was there. Cana a village in Galilee, called Cana in Galilee, probably to distinguish it from the Old Testament Kanah, which was in the territory of Asher. John mentions Cana three times in his gospel as the location of Christ’s first and second miracles, the changing of water into wine, the healing of the official’s son, and as the birthplace of Nathanael, one of Jesus’ disciples. The Bible doesn’t give a descriptive of who was getting married, but it does inform the reader that the mother of Jesus, as well as Jesus Himself, was invited to this marriage celebration.
John 2:2 – And both Jesus was called (invited) and His disciples, to the marriage. Jesus and His disciples were invited to the wedding along with Mary, Jesus’s mother. According to Jewish marriage customs, the betrothal lasted about a year. In the evening the bride was led to the bridegroom’s home for the ceremony which was followed by a supper. The festivities often lasted more than a day. Jesus was on a mission to save the world, the greatest mission in the history of mankind, yet He took the time to attend a wedding and take part in its festivities. This scripture also gives us an example, that we should never get so busy with work or life’s problems that we don’t take time out for leisure and socialization. Social occasions maybe one of our missions to represent Jesus and we may be there for a specific person to encourage or witness to. A husband and wife to be should invite Jesus to their wedding, He will enter the ceremony as He’s been invited by prayer and thanksgiving, Jesus never enters where He has not been invited.
John 2:3 – And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto Him, they have no wine. Hospitality in the east was a sacred duty. A wedding feast often lasted for a week and to run out of wine at such an important event would have been humiliating for the bride and groom. Mary informed Jesus when they no longer had wine, you would think she would have informed the bride and groom or those who that was serving, but instead she called upon the person she knew that would be able to resolve the problem. Her requesting Jesus’ help also let us know that not only is Jesus concerned about our spiritual well-being, but He’s also concerned about what concerns us naturally.
John 2:4 – Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come. “Woman” was a term of respectful address. Mary probably was not asking Jesus to do a miracle, she simply hoped her son would help solve this major problem and find some wine. Although Mary did not understand what Jesus was going to do, she trusted Him to do the right thing. “mine hour is not yet come”, seems to mean that the time for Jesus to publicly work miracles, declaring Himself the Messiah, had not yet come. Everything Jesus did, and that was done to Him, He had His hour, the fixed time that was appointed for Him.
John 2:5 – His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever He saith unto you, do it. Jesus’ response to Mary seems to have been a refusal to do anything about the situation. Yet she seemed to expect Him to do something. Perhaps something in the tone of Jesus’ voice let Mary know that He would grant her request. Mary submitted to Jesus’ way of doing things, she recognized that Jesus was more than her human son, He was the Son of God. Rather than trying to fix the problem herself, she informed Jesus, we too should be like Mary. We should inform Jesus what we need, and then believe He will supply the need. We should be willing and ready to do whatever He instruct us to do, for He knows what’s best for us.
John 2:6 – And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after (according to) the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece. Waterpots were normally used for washing feet. Each waterpot held twenty or thirty gallons, for a total of 120 to 180 gallons of the finest wine. “Purification of the Jews”, Jewish tradition required several kinds of ceremonial washings. Strict Jews washed their hands before a meal, between courses, and after the meal. This “purifying” extended not only to washing hands but also to washing cups and vessels. Because the roads were not paved and people wore sandals, water was needed for foot washing. At a large Jewish wedding, a large amount of water would have been required.
John 2:7 – Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim. The servants followed the instructions of Jesus, true believers are called servants, and we too must follow His instructions. We’re His vessels and we should want to be filled with the word of God to the fullest as the servant filled the water pots to the brim.
John 2:8 – And He saith unto them, Draw out now and bear (take) unto the governor of the feast. And they bare it. At a Jewish wedding, one of the guests served as governor of the feast, similar to a master of ceremonies at a banquet. This person was responsible for seating the guests and the correct running of the feast. After Jesus had turned the water into wine, He instructed the servant to take some to the governor and let him taste test it.