Bible Study – John Chapter 2 Verses 9-15
John 2:9 – When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence it was: (but the servants which drew the water knew;) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom. At the request of Jesus’ mother asking for His assistance, Jesus made the water in the waterpots turned to wine. The water-pots were filled to the brim by the servants at Jesus’ word. The miracle was suddenly, as soon as they had filled the water-pots, and Jesus said, “Draw out now”, it was done. Jesus does great things and marvelous things without noise, work manifest changes in a hidden way, without hesitation or uncertainty.
John 2:10- And saith unto Him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now. Usually, the better wine was served first, then after the guests’ palate were dulled, the everyday wine was served, but this wine was so good that the master of the feast was surprised to see it being served late in the celebration.
John 2:11 – This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth His glory; and His disciples believed on Him. Jesus’ miracles always had a purpose. This miracle resulted in the manifestation of His glory, Jesus Himself was the greatest miracle of all; but this was the first that was wrought by Him. He had power, but there was a time of the hiding of His power. His turning the water to wine proved Himself to be the Son of God. Miracles are not merely superhuman happenings, but happenings that demonstrate God’s power. Those whom He had called, now saw this, shared in it, and had their faith strengthened by it. Even the faith that is true is at first weak, then it is strengthened through the different experiences we have with Jesus.
John 2:12 – After this He went down to Capernaum, He and His mother, and His brethren, and His disciples: and they continued there not many days. Jesus’ visit to Capernaum was short, it is called His own city (And He entered into a ship, and passed over, and came into His own city – Matthew 9:1) Jesus made Capernaum His headquarters in Galilee, the little rest He had was there. It was a place of concourse, and therefore, Jesus chose it, that the fame of His doctrine and miracles might spread further. Wherever Jesus went, He didn’t go alone but would take those with Him who had put themselves under His guidance. “Brethren” is indicating both women and men went with Him to the city of Capernaum. His stay wasn’t confined to this one place because He was needed by many in different cities and township. Notice, wherever He went, His mother was always included in following Him and His disciples. Her presence, as well as her prayers, gave Him strength and encouragement for His humanity side.
John 2:13 – And the Jews’ Passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. Jerusalem was both the religious and the political seat of Palestine, and the place where the Messiah was expected to arrive. The Temple was located there, and many Jewish families from all over the world traveled to Jerusalem during the key feasts. The Temple was built on an imposing site, a hill overlooking the city. The Passover celebration took place yearly at the Temple in Jerusalem. Every Jewish male was expected to make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem during this time. This was a week-long festival, the Passover was one day, and the Feast of Unleavened Bread lasted the rest of the week. The entire week commemorated the freeing of the Jews from slavery in Egypt.
John 2:14 – And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting. Pilgrims to Jerusalem carried all sorts of currencies, but they brought no animals for sacrifices, exchanging and purchases could be made at the Temple. The Temple was always crowded during Passover with thousand of out-of-town visitors. The religious leaders crowded it even further by allowing money changers and merchants to set up booths in the Court of the Gentiles. They rationalized this practice as a convenience for the worshipers and as a way to make money for the Temple’s upkeep. Religious leaders didn’t care that the Court of the Gentiles was full of merchants and that the visitors found it difficult to worship, and worship was the main purpose for visiting the Temple.
John 2:15 – And when He had made a scourge (whip) of small cords, He drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers’ money, and overthrew the tables. God’s Temple was being misused by people who turned it into a marketplace. They forgot, or didn’t care, that God’s house is a place of worship, not a place for making a profit. Jesus was obviously angry at the merchants who exploited those who had come to God’s house to worship. There is a difference between uncontrolled rage and righteous indignation, yet both are called anger. We must be very careful how we use this powerful emotion of anger. It is right to be angry about injustice and sin; it is wrong to be angry over a trivial personal offense. We must be very careful in how we conduct ourselves in the house of God, it’s not a place to make a profit, but a place we should worship and honor the house of God. Today’s churches are still making a profit by selling different items to help support the church, if the people who attend these churches would give their tithes and offerings as God has blessed them, this would eliminate selling and renting the church for different events. This is the reason why many churches aren’t feeling the presence of the Lord because of what’s happening with different rental events in the church as well as making sales. The house of God is to be honored, not for making a profit by sales or renting the building for different events.