Bible Study – John Chapter 8 Verses 12-21
John 8:12 – Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life. Jesus begins to speak to them again by claiming He was the light of the world. Where there is light you can see, but in darkness, you can’t see where you’re going. Jesus was the light to bring those who are in darkness to the light which means an understanding of God’s Word by His Son being a representative of His Word.; those who desire to receive understanding and light, He would be the One to guide them out of the darkness. Satan is the god of this world, and he has blinded those who will not receive spiritual knowledge. When a person is blind he or she can’t see and this is what Satan does to the unbeliever, he influences them that there is nothing wrong with their lifestyle, he influences people that there is no God. He influences people to think it doesn’t take all that to be a Christian. He influences the unbeliever as well as the carnal Christian. Those that follow Jesus will not live according to the world’s thinking or actions. The Word of God is abiding in their hearts and they live according to God’s instructions which is the written Word of God.
John 8:13 – The Pharisees, therefore, said unto him, Thou bearers record [witness] of thyself; thy [witness] record is not true [valid]. Jesus claimed to be the light of the world as well as being the Son of God but the Pharisees disputed His authority because He witnesses to Himself. Although the Pharisees may not have seen the miracles Jesus performed they heard others speak about the miracles Jesus performed. They didn’t want to believe that Jesus was the Son of God because of ignorance as well as jealousy. John witness that Jesus was the Son of God and Jesus claimed He was the Son of God, and God said this is my Son (And there was a cloud that overshadowed them: and a voice came out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son, hear him -Mark 9:7). Jesus’s disciples were a witness of what they heard the Father say about Jesus being His Son.
John 8:14 – Jesus answered and said unto them, Though I bear record of myself, yet my record is true: for I know whence I came and whither I go; but ye cannot tell whence I come, and whither I go. Jesus tells them although He bears record of Himself; His record is true. His own witness to Himself, John’s witness, His works were a witness to Himself and Moses and other prophets wrote of Him. He was informing the Pharisees although they were leaders they didn’t comprehend the Scriptures that spoke of Him. They didn’t know where He came from neither did they know where He was going.
John 8:15 – Ye judge after the flesh; I judge no man. The Pharisees judge by what they saw of the person from the outside and they judged by what they saw. Although Jesus is the Son of God, He was not judging anyone. He came to set the captives free and bring them out of the darkness of sin. Jesus didn’t come to judge the world but to save those who would accept the Father’s salvation through the Son (I am come a light into the world that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness… And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world. He that rejecteth me and receiveth not my words hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day – John 12:46-48.
John 8:16 – And yet if I judge, my judgment is true: for I am not alone, but I and the Father that sent me. Jesus was saying He doesn’t judge; but if He did judge, His judgment would be true. He was saying He was only going to judge by what the Father instructed Him. He wouldn’t be making the judgment upon His own judgment but the Father’s.
John 8:17 – It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true. Jesus reminds them of their law which says if two people witness of the same thing then it would be true (At the mouth of two witnesses or three witnesses shall he that is worthy of death be put to death, but at the mouth of one witness he shall not be put to death – Deuteronomy 17:6). The Pharisees knew the law but they were not abiding by their law when it came to Jesus.
John 8:18 – I am one that bear witness of myself, and the Father that sent me beareth witness f me. Jesus was bearing witness of Himself, the Father who sent Him beareth witness of Him, so since both He and His Father bear witness according to their law what He is saying to Himself is true.
John 8:19 – Then said they unto him, Where is thy Father? Jesus answered, Ye neither know me, nor my Father: if ye had known me ye should have known my Father also. Jesus reply to their question was that they didn’t know Him nor His Father. If they knew His Father they would have known Him. They would have received Jesus’ teaching because they would have known He was speaking what the Father gave Him to speak.
John 8:20 – These words spake Jesus in the treasury, as he taught in the temple: and no man laid hands on him; for his hour was not yet come. Jesus taught in the temple and although the Pharisees didn’t believe His claim as being the Son of God, and rejected His teaching no one tried to arrest Him or take Him by force because it wasn’t His time to be taken. God has an appointed time for everything and it will not be performed until the time He has appointed.
John 8:21 – Then said Jesus again unto them, I go my way and ye shall seek me, and shall die in your sins whither I go, ye cannot come. Jesus reiterated what He has said before, He was leaving, in other words, once He completes the assignment God had given Him, He would be leaving to return to the Father. Where He was going the Pharisees couldn’t come because of their rejection of the Word of God that was the Son of God. Because of the Pharisee’s unbelief of who He was, they would die in their sins.